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Expansion of cloud technologies
One of the fastest growing segments in the IT industry is cloud computing and solutions.
To understand how important this segment is, you can follow the dynamics of Amazon Web Service revenue, which grew 18-20 times in 8 years.
Amazon is the world leader in cloud services, generating an annual revenue of about 70 billion for the last 4 quarters to June 2022. Such revenue is comparable to the combined revenues of the Russian metallurgy sector (MMC Norilsk Nickel, NLMK, Severstal, Rusal, MMK) for 2021.
Cloud computing is the fastest growing segment of IT over the past 10 years and so far there are no clear signs of slowing down this trend.
What is cloud solutions? In a broad sense, this includes business processes, platform, infrastructure, software, management, security and advertising services provided by public cloud services.
Why do we need cloud solutions? This is a business process deployment model, when all computational procedures and processes take place at remote data centers controlled via the Internet. Physical equipment is not available to customers and is used only as computing power.
What is the advantage? Pay-as-you-go model and no need to maintain expensive server hardware and tuning and optimization services. No infrastructure maintenance costs.
In Russia, Yandex is the largest supplier of cloud solutions, however, so far all processes are closed to Russia (largely due to the protectionist policy of Western countries), which limits the potential for Yandex expansion, although the infrastructure potential and accumulated technologies will make it possible in the future to provide services no worse than the leading ones. Western players in this segment.
Cloud solutions are a very fat and fast-growing piece, and I hope Yandex will be able to expand at least to neutral countries.
Cloud revenue growth is impressive. For 10 years, almost 10 times growth in global spending on cloud solutions. The market size in 2022 is estimated at 494 billion, which, for example, is comparable to the market size of home appliances (https://t.me/spydell_finance/1697) or smartphones (https://t.me/spydell_finance/1698).
This market has become significant in terms of volume at the macroeconomic level, and in terms of growth rates it is the leader among all segments not only of IT, but of the entire economy in general.
How is revenue distributed by areas?
• Cloud application services (SaaS) – 35.7% of all cloud technologies and services revenue.
• Cloud system infrastructure services (IaaS) – 24.2%
• Cloud application infrastructure services (PaaS) - 22.2%
• Cloud business process services (BPaaS) – 11.2%
• Cloud management and security services – 6.2%
• Desktop as a Service (DaaS) – 0.5%
Let me remind you that this includes business processes, platform, infrastructure, software, management and security services provided by public cloud services.
Cloud infrastructure refers to the integration of both hardware and software components enabling resource virtualization. These elements, which can be broadly divided into compute, network and storage, must interact with each other to support the provision of cloud services to the customer.
Cloud architecture refers to the integration of the aforementioned technologies to create a cloud environment. Thus, the cloud architecture defines the relationship between the components that make up the cloud.
To understand how important this direction is, business spending on IT in 2012 was only 18-20% for cloud technologies, and in 2012 already over 60%.
Leading global players in the provision of cloud services: Amazon (AWS) - 34%, Microsoft Azure - 21%, Google Cloud -10%, Alibaba Cloud -5%, IBM Cloud - 4%, Salesforce -3%, Tencent Cloud - 3% , Huawei - 3%, Oracle Cloud - 3%. The presented companies together hold over 85% of the market.
About 78% of the world market of cloud technologies is under the USA, 12% is controlled by China and 10% by other countries.